Things To Know Before Arriving in Nepal

Nepal, a landlocked country in South Asia, boasts a diverse landscape from the low Terai plains to the towering peaks of the Himalayas, including Mount Everest. With a population of around 30 million, Nepal is culturally rich, with Hinduism as the predominant religion. Kathmandu is the capital and the largest city.



Nepal is a landlocked country located in South Asia, situated mainly in the Himalayas between China to the north and India to the south, east, and west. Here are some key aspects of the geography of Nepal:

  • Himalayan Region:

The northern part of Nepal is dominated by the Himalayan mountain range, which includes eight of the world's 14 highest peaks. Besides Mount Everest, notable peaks include Kanchenjunga, Lhotse, and Makalu. This region is sparsely populated, and its challenging terrain attracts mountaineers and trekkers from around the world.

  • Hill Region:

The central hill region, known as the Mahabharat Range, lies to the south of the Himalayas. It is characterized by steep slopes, deep valleys, and narrow ridges. The Kathmandu Valley, situated in this region, is the political and cultural hub of Nepal.

  • Terai Region:

The Terai is a lowland plain that extends along the southern border with India. It is the most fertile and agriculturally productive region in Nepal. The climate is subtropical, and the Terai is known for its dense forests, grasslands, and wildlife. Important national parks and wildlife reserves are located in the Terai, including Chitwan National Park and Bardia National Park.


Visa Requirements:

Check the visa requirements for your nationality before arriving. Most visitors can obtain a visa on arrival, but it's crucial to have the necessary documents and fees.



The official currency is the Nepalese Rupee (NPR). It's advisable to carry some local currency for small purchases, as not all places accept credit cards.


Culture and Etiquette:

Nepal has a rich and diverse cultural heritage, and understanding local customs and etiquette is essential for a respectful and enjoyable visit. Here are some key aspects of Nepali culture and etiquette:

  • Namaste:

The traditional greeting in Nepal is "Namaste." It involves placing your palms together in a prayer-like gesture and saying "Namaste" with a slight bow. It is a sign of respect and is used in both formal and informal settings.

  • Respect for Elders:

Nepali society places a strong emphasis on respecting elders. It's common to use honorifics when addressing older people.

  • Removing Shoes:

When entering someone's home, temples, or certain other buildings, it is customary to remove your shoes. This practice is a sign of respect for the space.

  • Dress Modestly:

In temples and religious sites, it's important to dress modestly. Women, in particular, should avoid revealing clothing when visiting such places.

  • Caste and Social Hierarchy:

While caste-based discrimination has been officially abolished, social hierarchies still exist. Be sensitive to these dynamics and avoid making assumptions based on someone's background.

  • Offering and Receiving:

When offering or receiving something, use your right hand or both hands. The left hand is traditionally considered impolite.

  • Public Displays of Affection:

Public displays of affection are generally not accepted in Nepali culture. It's advisable to keep physical contact to a minimum, especially in more conservative areas.

  • Photography:

Always ask for permission before taking photographs, especially of people or in religious sites. In some places, photography may be restricted.

  • Pointing Feet:

Pointing your feet at people or religious objects is considered disrespectful. When sitting, try to keep your feet tucked away.

  • Religious Respect:

Nepal is a predominantly Hindu country, with significant Buddhist and other religious communities. Be respectful when visiting religious sites, and follow any specific rules or rituals.

  • Giving and Receiving with the Right Hand:

It's customary to give and receive items, including money, with the right hand or with both hands. Using the left hand is considered impolite.

  • Tipping:

Tipping is not traditionally a common practice in Nepal, but it is becoming more common, especially in the tourism industry. Check if a service charge is included, and if not, a small tip is appreciated.

  • Communication Style:

Nepali communication tends to be indirect, and people may avoid saying "no" directly. It's essential to read between the lines and understand the context.

By being aware of and respectful toward these cultural norms, you'll likely find that Nepali people are warm and welcoming. Learning a few basic phrases in Nepali can also go a long way in fostering positive interactions.



Nepal experiences a diverse range of climates due to its varying topography, which includes lowland plains, hills, and the towering peaks of the Himalayas. Generally, there are four distinct seasons in Nepal:

  • Spring (March to May):

Spring is one of the most popular times to visit Nepal. The weather is mild, and the blooming flowers, including rhododendrons, add vibrant colors to the landscape. Temperatures gradually rise, and the trekking trails become more accessible.

  • Summer (June to August):

Summer, or the monsoon season, brings heavy rainfall, especially in the lowland and hilly regions. The humidity can be high, and trekking trails might be muddy and slippery. However, this is a great time to experience lush greenery and observe agriculture in full swing.

  • Autumn (September to November):

Autumn is another popular time for visitors. The weather is generally clear, with mild temperatures and stable conditions. The skies are often crystal clear, providing stunning views of the mountains. This is the peak trekking season.

  • Winter (December to February):

Winter is the coldest season in Nepal, especially in the higher elevations. While the plains and lower hills have mild temperatures, it can get quite cold in the mountains. Some high-altitude trekking routes might be challenging due to snowfall.


Electricity and Plugs:

The standard voltage is 230V, and the frequency is 50Hz. The power plugs and sockets used are of Type C, Type D, and Type M. Here are the details:

  • Type C: This type of electrical socket has two round pins and is commonly used in Europe and Asia. If your electrical devices use this type of plug, you should be able to use them in Nepal.
  • Type D: This type of socket has three round pins in a triangular pattern. It is less common but is also used in some parts of Nepal.
  • Type M: This type of socket has three round pins in a triangular pattern, similar to Type D. Type M is used in South Africa and is also found in some areas of Nepal.

Before traveling to Nepal, check the type of plugs your devices use, and bring the appropriate adapters. If your devices are not compatible with the Nepalese plugs.

Most hotels and accommodations in urban areas and popular tourist destinations will have outlets that can accommodate a variety of plug types, but it's always wise to carry a universal adapter for convenience. If you plan to trek or stay in more remote areas, it's a good idea to check the electricity availability in advance, as some regions may rely on solar power or generators, and the power supply may be limited.


Local Transportation:

Understand the local transportation includes taxis, rickshaws, buses, microbuses, and tempos for short distances. Tourist buses, motorbikes, and scooters are popular in tourist areas. Domestic flights, jeeps, and cable cars are used for remote and mountainous regions. Boats are used in some Terai areas. Walking is common, especially in rural areas. Plan ahead and be flexible, as road conditions can vary.



Nepali, also known as Gorkhali, is the official language and the most widely spoken language in Nepal. It belongs to the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European language family. In addition to Nepali, there are several regional languages and dialects spoken across the country. Some of the major ones include:

  • Maithili: Spoken in the eastern Terai region and parts of the eastern hills.
  • Bhojpuri: Common in the southern Terai region.
  • Tharu: Spoken by the Tharu community in the Terai region.
  • Newari (Nepal Bhasa): Used by the Newar community in the Kathmandu Valley.
  • Tamang: Spoken by the Tamang people, especially in the central and eastern regions.
  • Gurung: Used by the Gurung community in the central and western regions.
  • Magar: Spoken by the Magar people in the western hills.
  • Rai and Limbu: These are languages spoken by the Rai and Limbu communities in the eastern hills.
  • Sherpa: Used by the Sherpa community in the Everest region.
  • English: English is widely understood in urban areas, especially in businesses, government offices, and the tourism industry.

While Nepali is the language of administration, education, and the media, many people involved in the tourism industry are likely to speak English. Learning a few basic phrases in Nepali can enhance your travel experience and interactions with locals, especially in more remote areas where English proficiency may be limited.


Permits and Regulations:

If you plan to trek or visit certain protected areas, check if you need special permits. Obtain necessary permits in advance to avoid any hassles during your trip.


Internet and Communication:

Wi-Fi is available in most hotels and cafes in tourist areas, but connectivity may be limited in remote areas. Consider purchasing a local SIM card for mobile data.


Respect for Nature:

Nepal is known for its stunning natural beauty. Be a responsible traveler by respecting the environment, not littering, and following the "Leave No Trace" principles.


Time Zone:

Nepal Standard Time (NST) is 5 hours and 45 minutes ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC+5:45). Adjust your schedule accordingly.


Safety Precautions:

Be aware of your surroundings, especially in crowded areas. Secure your belongings, and be cautious of potential scams.


Remember that flexibility and an open mind will contribute to a more enjoyable experience. Nepal is a beautiful country with a warm and welcoming culture, and being prepared will help you make the most of your time there.